Christy Choi
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[AWS] How to Create VPC Step by Step

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Christy Choi
·Oct 17, 2022·

When setting up AWS server, most books & tutorials teach you to create EC2 instance first, but what you need to do first is creating VPC. If you see the AWS infrastructure architecture that I drew, you can see why. (In the diagram I use Elastic Beanstalk(EB) rather than EC2 but the idea is the same.) The instance is surrounded by VPC so VPC should be created first. Think of VPC as an environment for your instance. This architecture includes redis(elasticache) so if you are not using it you can skip it.

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VPC

We will create VPC step by step.

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  • Press "create VPC" button

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  • You will see this page

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  • Name tag: [my_name]_vpc
  • IPv4 CIDR: 10.0.0.0/16
  • (CIDR doesn't need to be 10.0.0.0/16 You can decide your IPv4 range)

Quick and Easy Way

  • You can also select "VPC and more" instead of "VPC" to check the preview
  • This will autogenerate everything including subnet, internet gateway, route tables, NAT gateway, etc.

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  • You are strongly recommended to use more than 1 Availability Zone
  • For each Availability Zone, there is an instance
  • For every instance there's a public subnet and private subnet

Extra Tips:

  • Choose a and c for Availability Zone if you are using Elastic Beanstalk
  • To differentiate public and private subnet, we will change subnet CIDR. You don't need to follow this but this makes your life easier.

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  • so when we see CIDR have 1 or 2 or any one digit, then we will know it will be public subnet, and private subnet will start from 150

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  • NAT gateway is for private subnet to connect to services outside your VPC
  • Select In 1 AZ

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  • Press "create VPC" button at the end of the page

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  • Wait until the VPC is created

Subnet

If you clicked "VPC and more" when creating VPC, then everything is autogenerated like this.

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Here I will show you how to create subnet if you clicked "VPC". This way you get to configure subnet IPv4.

Harder Way

  • Click Subnet from the sidebar

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  • Name tag: [my_name]_public_subnet01
  • VPC: VPC name we just created
  • Availability Zone: ap-northeast-1a
  • IPv4 CIDR: 10.0.1.0/24

Since we have one more availability zone, we will create one more.

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  • Name tag: [my_name]_public_subnet02
  • VPC: VPC name we just created
  • Availability Zone: ap-northeast-1b
  • IPv4 CIDR: 10.0.2.0/24
  • Do the same for 2 private subnets
  • but for IPv4 CIDR we will type a higher number so that we can distinguish the private subnets from the public subnets

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  • Name tag: [my_name]_private_subnet01
  • VPC: VPC name we just created
  • Availability Zone: ap-northeast-1a
  • IPv4 CIDR: 10.0.150.0/24
  • Name tag: [my_name]_private_subnet02
  • VPC: VPC name we just created
  • Availability Zone: ap-northeast-1b
  • IPv4 CIDR: 10.0.151.0/24

Internet Gateway

  • An internet gateway is a virtual router that connects a VPC to the internet.

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  • After creating the internet gateway, we will attach to VPC

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  • From the dashboard, check if the state is attached image.png

NAT Gateway

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Route Table

  • A route table specifies how packets are forwarded between the subnets within your VPC, the internet, and your VPN connection.

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  • Click create route table

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  • Go to Routes > Edit routes

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  • Destination: 0.0.0.0/0
  • Target: Our IGW name

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This is how you can set up and configure your VPC. Now you can setup your EC2.

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